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聯系人:嶽志穎聯系方式:15195889899發布時間:2021-10-19

题  目:Quantifying the Pollution Haven: An Existing Effect but an Unsupported Hypothesis
報告人:段玉婉 中央财经大学副教授
时  间:2021年10月21日(周四)下午2:00
地  点:腾讯会议ID:444 525 320

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報告人简介:
段玉婉,女,中央財經大學副教授。研究方向爲國際貿易,環境,經濟地理。研究成果先後發表在《世界經濟》、《管理科學學報》、《中國工業經濟》等國內期刊,以及《Journal of Public Economics》、《Economic Systems Research》、《Energy Economics》、《Ecological Economics》、《China Economic Review》等国际期刊。主持国家自然科學基金1項、北京市社會科學基金項目1項。榮獲國際投入産出學會Sir Richard Stone Prize, 陳錫康投入産出獎等。

報告簡介:

We develop a general equilibrium trade model with pollution as a by-product of production to study the interaction between international trade and the environment. We quantitatively evaluate two related hypotheses: the Pollution Haven Effect (PHE), which states that environmental regulation is a comparative advantage force, and the Pollution Haven Hypothesis (PHH), which states that a reduction in trade barriers causes pollution-intensive industries to concentrate in countries with weak environmental stringency. Our results suggest that, even though the PHE exists, the PHH is unsupported. This is because that environmental policy stringency, as a crucial determinant of pollution emission and abatement, is weak in determining international specialization. By comparing environmental stringency with other determinants of international trade, we identify productivity and trade cost as the major forces that suppress the PHE, resulting in the failure of the PHH. In addition, strategic environmental policy is an ineffective substitute for trade policy yet bears serious environmental consequences. Without international coordination and cooperation, a reduction in trade costs will induce more worldwide pollution emission even though countries will experience higher income levels.
 

閱讀次數:10

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